JISC (Joint Information Systems Committee) in the U.K. is supporting an open peer review process. It should be more transparent and reviewers should be trained. JISC also recommends the sharing of data in the scientific community, and there is mention in this brief of the Dryad project to facilitate this sharing of data in a repository.
“The recommendations came out of a House of Commons Science and Technology
Committee report that also urged that researchers make their scientific data
publicly available, and that reviewers have formal training.”
Source: Knowledgespeak Newsletter, Aug. 2, 2011.