|Source: The Scout Report — Volume 22, Number 16
|“NASA’ s Global Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet website features a diverse set of resources related to the measurement, analysis, and dangers of global climate change. Here readers will find a collection of Interactive Features all designed to bring to life the sometimes abstract conclusions of scientific articles on climate and its effects on human and other life on Earth. For example, the Climate Time Machine allows readers to go backward and forward through four different key climate indicators, including Sea Ice, Sea Level, Carbon Dioxide, and Global Temperature. Perfect for educators who are looking for impactful visual representations of the rising temperatures on the planet, the interactive makes these measurements visceral in a way that charts and graphs are seldom able to do. Other interactives on the page include the Global Ice Viewer, Quizzes, The Sun: A Virtual Tour, The Water Cycle, and others. [CNH]”|
“Bacteria dominate newly drawn tree of life
Scientists at the University of California at Berkeley and the University of Waterloo in Canada studied more than 3,000 species and pieced together bits of DNA to update the tree of life. The tree is dominated by bacteria, while all the eukaryotes are represented on a slender twig. The work is published in the journal Nature Microbiology.” The New York Times (free-article access for SmartBrief readers) (4/11)
APRIL 11, 2016
“A version of this article appears in print on April 12, 2016, on page D2 of the New York edition with the headline: The Tiniest Beings Writ Large.A version of this article appears in print on April 12, 2016, on page D2 of the New York edition with the headline: The Tiniest Beings Writ Large.”
From FBR SmartBrief <firstname.lastname@example.org> Wed., April 13, 2016
“Almost the number of stars in the Milky Way.” Through this stellar comparison, the National Institutes of Health proudly announced in 2005 that the content of their computerized collection of DNA sequences called GenBank had reached 50 billion bases or units of DNA. Today, it contains far more, over 200 billion bases from over 350,000 different species, making it one of the largest scientific database in the world.
Here is the announcement of the availability of the Nirenberg papers: “GenBank & The Early Years of “Big Data”
“Deciphering the Genetic Code: A 50 Year Anniversary” January, 2015
Marshall Nirenberg in the lab in early 1960’s, when he completed the first summary document of the genetic code — how triplets (DNA sequences) direct amino acids to form proteins. Pictures of the group and more about the papers are here:
By Tyler Nix, Kathryn Funk, Jeffrey S. Reznick, and Erin Zellers
“A wealth of medical history awaits your exploration in the National Library of Medicine’s (NLM) free and full-text digital archive of journals PubMed Central (PMC)! Known to most of its users as a free, full-text archive of recent biomedical journals, PMC also reaches back in time over two centuries.
An account of centralized health and relief agencies in Massachusetts during the 1918 influenza pandemic; an article by Florence Nightingale on nursing reform; a paper by W. H. R. Rivers on his treatment of “war neuroses” during World War I; a medical case report on America’s 20th president James A. Garfield, following his assassination in 1881; post-World War II thoughts about the future of the Army Medical Library by its director Frank Rogers; and seminal historical research articles aplenty: by Sir Alexander Fleming, on the use of penicillin to fight bacterial infections; by Walter Reed, on the transmission of yellow fever by mosquitoes; and by the bacteriologist Ida A. Bengtson, the first woman to work in the Hygienic Laboratory of the U.S. Public Health Service, the forerunner of the National Institutes of Health.”
Photos, and the article continues here:
From NLM Office Of Communications <NLM_OfficeOfCommunications@public.govdelivery.com> 2/23/16
|Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry|
|William H. Reusch, emeritus professor at Michigan State University, published his Introduction to Organic Chemistry in 1977. Readers may purchase it for a list price of $137.74; or they may access the Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry, which contains nearly the same information online, for free, on this surprisingly comprehensive website. Here readers will find a fully operational organic chemistry textbook, divided into the two overarching topics of General Principles and Functional Group Reactions. Within General Principles, readers will learn the basics of Structure & Bonding, Intermolecular Forces, Chemical Reactivity, Aromaticity, and other subjects. Functional Group Reactions covers Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes, Alcohols, and many other subjects. For readers looking for a comprehensive, freely available organic chemistry textbook, this site will be a true boon. [CNH]”
Source: The Scout Report, Univ. of Wisconsin, Jan. 22, 2016
Arctic Matters day, according to the National Research Council of the National Academies is January 14th. Go to http://nas-sites.org/arctic/ to read about it. Link to their Interactive web tool, or download a PDF of their 32-page, well-illustrated booklet or download a poster. What happens in the Arctic, affects the whole globe.
This article collects the notable data changes made to MEDLINE during annual National Library of Medicine (NLM) maintenance known as Year-End Processing (YEP) for 2016:
MEDLINE Data Changes — 2016
Tybaert S. NLM Tech Bull. 2015 Nov-Dec;(407):e8.
- MeSH Vocabulary Updated for 2016
- Updated MeSH in MEDLINE Citations
- New MeSH Headings
- Changes to MeSH Headings
- Brand New Concepts
- Changes of particular interest
- MeSH Publication Types
- MeSH Qualifier (Subheading) Deletion
- MeSH Tree Changes
- MeSH Annotation Projects
- Other Changes: One Concept Split into Two
- Entry Combination Revisions
- Structured Abstracts
- OLDMEDLINE MeSH Mapping
- MEDLINE Journal Title Updates
- MEDLINE Country of Publication
- PubMed Notes
Brand new concepts include: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Olive Oil, Origin of Life, Open Access Publishing, War-Related Injuries, RNAi Therapeutics, and many more terms. Medline thesaurus terms are remapped when changes occur, so as to include articles under former headings.
- Mesmerizing video: 6 million years of human evolution in one minute
- Yale University published a book in November, 2013, entitled Shaping Humanity, by John Gurche. In the Daily Kos of Nov. 16, 2015, this wonderful video has resurfaced… which was produced to advertise the book at the time.
- Here is the Yale U P link too:
NLM [National Library of Medicine] New files for Nov 10, 2015
*NLM Technical Bulletin, Nov-Dec 2015, 2016 Medical Subject Headings Available for Download http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/techbull/nd15/nd15_2016_mesh_avail.html
NLM Technical Bulletin, Sep-Oct 2015, 2016 MeSH Headings Available in the MeSH Browser [Editor’s note added November 10, 2015] http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/techbull/so15/so15_2016_mesh_browser.html
“Best of the Web” column in “Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News” <email@example.com>
Oct 15, 2015 (Vol. 35, No. 18)
Poisonous Plants Database
The people in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell University want to make sure that you don’t accidentally poison your livestock or pets with toxic plants. Their Poisonous Plants database includes a sizable number of entries such as oak trees (the acorns and young leaves are poisonous to horses and cattle), Daphne (toxic to cats, dogs, and humans), and rhubarb (the leaves are toxic to goats, swine, horses, and even people—who knew?). Each entry is accompanied by images of the plants, as well as answers to questions that the authors have either encountered in the past or anticipate that readers may have. The database is simple to browse—either by scientific name or common name—or users can search the database by scientific name, common name, primary poisons, or species most often affected.