“The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) publishes the “Science Matters” newsletter to inform the general public about its research and advocacy activities on behalf of the American public. The newsletter was first published in 2010, and is a terrific source of information on everything from green chemistry to renewable energy. In the About this Issue area, visitors can learn about the topical focus of each issue. In the Science Features, visitors can read articles such as “Nanomaterials: Harnessing the Potential, Understanding the Risks” and “Partnerships for a Safer Chemical Future.” Users shouldn’t miss the Ask a Scientist feature, which profiles a different EPA scientist in each issue. The In the News area brings together updates about new partnerships with colleges, universities, and international collaborators. [KMG]”
Source: The Scout Report (Univ. of Wisconsin) – May 3, 2013
“Most social network founders want to make money. Ijad Madisch, the scientist-CEO behind ResearchGate, has a higher goal: He wants to win a Nobel Prize for the network.
Five years after its founding, Madisch’s plan doesn’t seem so far-fetched. ResearchGate, which has been described as “LinkedIn for scientists,” has 2.9 million users — about half of the international scientific community. Madisch has built a list of success stories in which scientists used ResearchGate to speed up their work. And as of now, he’s got a formidable supporter you may have heard of: Bill Gates.”
“Targets” reviews, communications and regular papers. Intersects the fields of materials and molecular science. Wants high-impact works in: materials design, synthesis, growth, analysis, characterization, properties and functions, fabrication and device manufacturing, and system integration and applications of materials.
“Bassler Wins L’ORÉAL-UNESCO Award in Life Sciences National Academy of Sciences member Bonnie L. Bassler has been selected as the 2012 L’ORÉAL-UNESCO Laureate for North America. Bassler was chosen for her work in understanding chemical communication between bacteria and its use in developing anti-bacterial therapies to combat infectious disease.”
“Are traditional scientific powerhouses losing their edge?
The United States, Europe and Japan are beginning to lose their traditional dominance in science and technology – not because they are doing less, but because the rest of the world is doing more. China, India, Southeast Asia, South Korea and Taiwan have all increased their share of patents, scholarly scientific articles, research-and-development spending and researchers, while the share held by the United States, European nations and Japan has declined. As developing countries mount their own research enterprises, the world of high technology is being transformed. China last year unveiled the world’s fastest supercomputer, a distinction that had belonged to the United States and Japan. International scientific collaborations are on the upswing, Western universities are building branch campuses overseas, and multinational corporations are locating their research, development and high-tech manufacturing operations abroad. Most experts say traditional science powerhouses won’t be replaced anytime soon by rapidly developing countries such as India and China, however, in part because those countries’ educational systems don’t yet nurture innovation.”
Source: CQ Global Researcher, CQ Researcher Alert, 2/3/11
“The Science and Technology Committee in the UK’s House of Commons recently launched an inquiry into peer review. It invites evidence on the operation and effectiveness of the peer review process used to examine and validate scientific results and papers prior to publication.”
“Statistical reports on alternative power sources including wind, hydro, solar, geothermal, bio, ocean, transportation biofuels, fuel cells along with energy storage, efficiency, and infrastructure; and carbon. Also includes electricity power prices.”
Emphasis is on business, markets & products, & news.
“ACS launches online calendar to mark International Year of Chemistry – 04 Jan 2011
The American Chemical Society (ACS) began a global, year-long observance of the International Year of Chemistry 2011 (IYC 2011) by launching an online calendar that serves as a virtual time machine, transporting the public back to some of the epic events and great intellects that shaped modern society through the magic of chemistry.
Called 365: Chemistry for Life, the calendar links almost 250 days of the year to events – triumphal and trivial – in chemistry, health, medicine, energy, the environment and related fields. They range from January 1 – which in 1907 saw the debut of the database that has fostered unprecedented scientific discovery – to December 31 and a scientific law about those New Year’s toasts with champagne. A mouse-click on the days in between revisits Joseph Priestley’s discovery of oxygen; the first successful treatment of diabetes with insulin; George Washington Carver’s discovery of hundreds of new uses for crops like peanuts; Marie Curie’s landmark research on radioactivity and much more.
ACS will hold a contest during the first quarter of 2011 in which visitors to the site can suggest topics for grayed-out dates – or better topics for active dates. The contents of filled-in dates are mere suggestions and not necessarily the final word. Individuals whose topics are accepted for inclusion in the calendar will be eligible for a drawing with prizes that include an iPad, an iPod Touch and an iPod nano.
The 63rd General Assembly of the United Nations proclaimed 2011 as the International Year of Chemistry, envisioning a worldwide celebration of the achievements of chemistry and its contributions to the well-being of humankind. Also being celebrated in 2011 is the centennial of the awarding of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Marie Curie for her work on radioactivity, and the 100th anniversary of the founding of the International Association of Chemical Societies.”
"In response to the recent, tragic earthquake that struck southern Haiti, we have made the following papers open access (free). These papers address the Caribbean plate and the Enriquillo-Plaintain fault line and they are listed in reverse chronological order."
To read papers compiled and suggested by the Geological Society of America about the 12 Jan. 2010 Haiti Earthquake and the Enriquillo-Plaintain Fault click here:
Submitted by P. Gaspari-Bridges, the Geosciences Librarian (Princeton Univ.)
Interpreting intracontinental earthquakes. Our historical record of seismic activity is very short, by geological time scales. So extrapolating that record to predict future earthquakes can lead to nasty surprises, such as 2008’s devastating earthquake in Sichuan, China, which occurred on a fault that had seen little recent activity. Large earthquakes are typically followed byaftershocks whose frequency decays to some background level of seismicity, following an empirical relation known as Omori’s law. But determining the time scale of the decay and the baseline activity can be difficult. A new model by Seth Stein of Northwestern University and Mian Liu of the University of Missouri–Columbia posits an inverse relationship between the aftershock-sequence durations and the slip rates along faults. Large earthquakes are most common along the boundaries of tectonic plates, and the occurrences of aftershocks tend to decay quickly—within a decade or so—to a relatively high background. The relative plate motion at such boundaries can be rapid, faster than 10 mm/yr. Continental interiors, far away from plate boundaries, deform much more slowly, typically less than 1 mm/yr. And thanks to that slower rate of fault loading, aftershocks can last hundreds of years or longer, as shown in the figure. Thus, warn the researchers, interpreting continental earthquakes as steady-state seismicity can overestimate the hazard in presently active areas and underestimate it elsewhere. (S. Stein, M. Liu, Nature462, 87, 2009.) —RJF
From Physics Today, the "Physics Update" section, Jan. 2010
Click here to see the full table of contents for the latest issue.