“Almost the number of stars in the Milky Way.” Through this stellar comparison, the National Institutes of Health proudly announced in 2005 that the content of their computerized collection of DNA sequences called GenBank had reached 50 billion bases or units of DNA. Today, it contains far more, over 200 billion bases from over 350,000 different species, making it one of the largest scientific database in the world.
Here is the announcement of the availability of the Nirenberg papers: “GenBank & The Early Years of “Big Data”
“Deciphering the Genetic Code: A 50 Year Anniversary” January, 2015
Marshall Nirenberg in the lab in early 1960’s, when he completed the first summary document of the genetic code — how triplets (DNA sequences) direct amino acids to form proteins. Pictures of the group and more about the papers are here:
By Tyler Nix, Kathryn Funk, Jeffrey S. Reznick, and Erin Zellers
“A wealth of medical history awaits your exploration in the National Library of Medicine’s (NLM) free and full-text digital archive of journals PubMed Central (PMC)! Known to most of its users as a free, full-text archive of recent biomedical journals, PMC also reaches back in time over two centuries.
An account of centralized health and relief agencies in Massachusetts during the 1918 influenza pandemic; an article by Florence Nightingale on nursing reform; a paper by W. H. R. Rivers on his treatment of “war neuroses” during World War I; a medical case report on America’s 20th president James A. Garfield, following his assassination in 1881; post-World War II thoughts about the future of the Army Medical Library by its director Frank Rogers; and seminal historical research articles aplenty: by Sir Alexander Fleming, on the use of penicillin to fight bacterial infections; by Walter Reed, on the transmission of yellow fever by mosquitoes; and by the bacteriologist Ida A. Bengtson, the first woman to work in the Hygienic Laboratory of the U.S. Public Health Service, the forerunner of the National Institutes of Health.”
Photos, and the article continues here:
From NLM Office Of Communications <NLM_OfficeOfCommunications@public.govdelivery.com> 2/23/16
This video explains the scope and utility of this engineering database. There are examples of searching and filtering results…. from nearly 4 million items ( http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/home.jsp )
We, at Princeton can access, via IEEE:
IEEE/IET Electronic Library (IEL)
Your online subscription includes access to the full text of IEEE content published since 1988 with select content published since 1872 from:
- IEEE journals, transactions, and magazines, including early access documents
- IEEE conference proceedings
- IET journals
- IET conference proceedings
- IEEE published standards
- IEEE Standards Dictionary Online
IBM Journal of Research and Development
VDE VERLAG Conference Proceedings
Bell Labs Technical Journal
- Details at http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/accessinfo.jsp
|Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry|
|William H. Reusch, emeritus professor at Michigan State University, published his Introduction to Organic Chemistry in 1977. Readers may purchase it for a list price of $137.74; or they may access the Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry, which contains nearly the same information online, for free, on this surprisingly comprehensive website. Here readers will find a fully operational organic chemistry textbook, divided into the two overarching topics of General Principles and Functional Group Reactions. Within General Principles, readers will learn the basics of Structure & Bonding, Intermolecular Forces, Chemical Reactivity, Aromaticity, and other subjects. Functional Group Reactions covers Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes, Alcohols, and many other subjects. For readers looking for a comprehensive, freely available organic chemistry textbook, this site will be a true boon. [CNH]”
Source: The Scout Report, Univ. of Wisconsin, Jan. 22, 2016
Follow the links to learn about some of the…
- 2015 Top 100 Global Innovators
- Predicting the World in 2025 (Emerging trends in Science & Technology)
- Innovation — from Discovery to Delivery (video) (Controlling the innovation life cycle)
The Intellectual Property (IP) and Science business of Thomson Reuters, has announced the release of ‘The World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds,’ a citation analysis identifying the scientists – as determined by their fellow researchers – who have made the most significant global impact within their respective field of study.
The two-part study includes an 11 year assessment of research paper citations to determine the leaders within 21 broad fields of science and a ranking of 2015’s top scientists or ‘hottest researchers,’ revealing significant growth in cancer genomics and improvements in converting solar cells into renewable energy.
The report draws on data and analysis performed by Thomson Reuters IP & and Science bibliometric experts via InCites™ Essential Science Indicators℠, a leading web-based research analytics platform and a unique compilation of science performance metrics and trend data based on scholarly paper publication counts and citation data from the Web of Science™, the premier web-based environment for scientific and scholarly research.
The longer-range study, widely known as the Highly Cited Researchers, recognises nearly 3,000 scientists who published the greatest number of articles ranking among the top one percent by citations received in their respective fields in each paper’s year of publication. Analysts assessed more than 120,000 papers indexed between 2003 and 2013 throughout each area of study.
The 2015 hottest researchers ranking spotlights the scientific community’s emerging trends and 19 innovators, who recently published at least 14 papers with notably high levels of citations. The list was identified by tabulating citations within the Web of Science recorded during calendar year 2014 for papers published between 2012 and 2014.
Stacey B. Gabriel of the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard tops the list for the second consecutive year for her contributions to the Cancer Genome Atlas project, providing molecular portraits of tumors afflicting the breast, lung and other areas of the body. Her most recent papers examine the genetic underpinnings of schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s. She is followed by newcomer, Oxford University’s Henry J. Snaith, a physics and material scientist for his work on perovskite solar cells to advance solar energy technology. ”
Brought to you by Scope e-Knowledge Center, a world-leading provider of abstraction, indexing, entity extraction and knowledge organisation models (Taxonomies, Thesauri and Ontologies).
Arctic Matters day, according to the National Research Council of the National Academies is January 14th. Go to http://nas-sites.org/arctic/ to read about it. Link to their Interactive web tool, or download a PDF of their 32-page, well-illustrated booklet or download a poster. What happens in the Arctic, affects the whole globe.
“Scopus has added 5 million pre-1996 articles and over 93 million references – and we’re not even half-way
As of this week, Scopus has added 5 million pre-1996 records including over 93 million references to the database. This has been done in two ways: by adding pre-1996 cited references to existing articles in Scopus and by adding article back files, including their cited references, coming from archives from various publishers, going back to 1970.
This milestone is the result of the ongoing Scopus Cited Reference Expansion Program initiated in March 2014 that aims to include cited references in Scopus going back to 1970 for pre-1996 content. The goal of this expansion program is to further enhance the ability for Scopus users to perform long-term, extensive bibliometric and historic trend analyses – and to enhance and further complete the h-index for researchers who published pre-1996.
Archives already completed include the following publishers: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). American Physical Society (APS), Karger Publishers, Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), Springer, American Medical Association (AMA), Inderscience and Elsevier.
Additional archives currently in process include: Wiley Blackwell, BioMedCentral (BMC), Taylor & Francis, Oxford University Press, Society of Automotive Engineers International, (SAE), Walter de Gruyter, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Institute of Physics (IoP), Brill Publishers, Sage, Emerald Group Publishing, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) and the American Geophysical Union (AGU).
We will keep you updated on the progress of this Expansion Program, and make sure to follow this blog or our Twitter account to stay up to date.”
From Library Journal, Vol. 140 (18), p45 (November 1, 2015):
comes from KQED, the NPR station in San Francisco. the site offers research, information and ideas via videos, blogs, radio interviews, etc. illustrating use of technology in education for all levels.
This article collects the notable data changes made to MEDLINE during annual National Library of Medicine (NLM) maintenance known as Year-End Processing (YEP) for 2016:
MEDLINE Data Changes — 2016
Tybaert S. NLM Tech Bull. 2015 Nov-Dec;(407):e8.
- MeSH Vocabulary Updated for 2016
- Updated MeSH in MEDLINE Citations
- New MeSH Headings
- Changes to MeSH Headings
- Brand New Concepts
- Changes of particular interest
- MeSH Publication Types
- MeSH Qualifier (Subheading) Deletion
- MeSH Tree Changes
- MeSH Annotation Projects
- Other Changes: One Concept Split into Two
- Entry Combination Revisions
- Structured Abstracts
- OLDMEDLINE MeSH Mapping
- MEDLINE Journal Title Updates
- MEDLINE Country of Publication
- PubMed Notes
Brand new concepts include: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Olive Oil, Origin of Life, Open Access Publishing, War-Related Injuries, RNAi Therapeutics, and many more terms. Medline thesaurus terms are remapped when changes occur, so as to include articles under former headings.