GenBank has reached 200 billion base pairs from > 350,000 spp.

“Almost the number of stars in the Milky Way.” Through this stellar comparison, the National Institutes of Health proudly announced in 2005 that the content of their computerized collection of DNA sequences called GenBank had reached 50 billion bases or units of DNA. Today, it contains far more, over 200 billion bases from over 350,000 different species, making it one of the largest scientific database in the world.

Here is the announcement of the availability of the Nirenberg papers: “GenBank & The Early Years of “Big Data”

“Deciphering the Genetic Code: A 50 Year Anniversary” January, 2015

Marshall Nirenberg in the lab in early 1960’s, when he completed the first summary document of the genetic code — how triplets (DNA sequences) direct amino acids to form proteins.  Pictures of the group and more about the papers are here:

A young man in a lab coat and plastic gloves holds up a glass tube in a laboratory.

Cambridge University puts Isaac Newton papers online [BBC News]

“The notebooks in which Sir Isaac Newton worked out the theories on which much classical science is based have been put online by Cambridge University.

More than 4,000 pages have been scanned, including his annotated copy of Principia Mathematica, containing Newton’s laws of motion and gravity.”

To read more:

Source: Library Link of the Day, Dec. 15, 2011 — New Website for Scholarly Communication



Dear all,

I recently finished my Ph.D on the philosophy of perception from Oxford. With a team of people from Stanford and Cambridge, I’ve just launched a website,, which does two things:

– It shows academics around the world structured in a ‘tree’ format, displayed according to their departmental and institutional affiliations.

– It enables academics to see news on the latest research in their area – the latest people, papers and talks.

We are hoping that will eventually list every academic in the world — Faculty Members, Post-Docs, Graduate Students, and Independent Researchers. Academics can add their departments, and themselves, to the tree by clicking on the boxes.

Academics are joining the tree rapidly. More than 15,000 academics have added themselves in the last two months. Some professors on the site include:

 – Richard Dawkins –

 – Stephen Hawking –

 – Paul Krugman –

 – Noam Chomsky –

– Steven Pinker –

 We’re trying to spread the word about as much as possible. It would be terrific if you could visit the site, and add yourself to your department on the tree. If your university is not there, you can add it by clicking on the arrows coming out of the university boxes.

Independent researchers – if you are a researcher that is not associated with a university, I encourage you to add yourself to the "Independent Researchers"

portion of the tree at

And do spread the word to your friends and colleagues if you can.

Many thanks,


CAVEAT: The divulging of passwords is OPTIONAL  &  NOT RECOMMENDED


 now provides 200 million pages is a free, integrated single-search gateway to reliable science and technology information from 17 organizations within 13 federal science agencies. In this new 5.0 version,  launched on Sept. 15th, there are 7 additional portals or databases that quadruple its content.  New content includes patents, toxicology data, e-prints from the Dept. of Energy and OSTI, and journal archives from PubMed Central, and

The search engine is improved with clustering technology, and now provides links to science news, the EurekAlert! and Wikipedia. 

" is hosted by DOE’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), within DOE’s Office of Science. In addition to DOE, is supported by contributing members of the Alliance, including the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Health and Human Services, and the Interior, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Government Printing Office, the Library of Congress, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation, with support from the National Archives and Records Administration."

From Tim Byrne at osti/gov