How to Burn Subtitles into a Video File

I recently have been looking for a way to burn in subtitles for instructional videos created to learn a foreign language. Subtitles are great for a person looking to learn a foreign language, it helps with the the way words should be pronounced in a natural setting. First we needed an .srt file (text file) that had the time code of the video associated with the text. The text is the subtitles that will appear on the video at a certain time. Some people find .srt files online for popular movies and shows that are not in their native language. There are also programs that help you create .srt subtitle files from scratch if it’s a video you created yourself (or if a subtitle does not exist online). Subtitle workshop is a good tool to use:

Once you created your .srt file, you will need a program to put the video file and the .srt file together. If you burned the file into a DVD format (menus and plays in DVD player), you will need to rip the DVD. Handbrake is a good tool for that task. The other software we used was FFMPEGX for Mac (there is a version for Windows). Here’s the steps we took to burn the subtitles (you can’t turn burned subtitles off) into the video. *Note: make sure the video file you have is a .AVI and also make sure the .srt file and the .avi file names match exactly.

1. Open FFMPEGX.

2. Drop the video file into the first window on the left.

Thumbnail image for add_subtitles_2.pngThumbnail image for subtitle_mp4.png

3. Choose the file format you want to save the file with the burned in subtitles. FFMPEGX only gives you a few options that will allow you to add the .srt file and burn it in. AVI works pretty well and there is an option you can choose in .mp4 (H.264).

add_subtitles_3.png4. Set your audio. The default is usually fine.

add_subtitles_4.png5. Click on Filters. Check the box next to VOB Subtitles. Set track number to 1. Make sure Burn is selected. Under that, click on the Load subs button. Find your .srt file, select it, and click OK. You can also change the font type and size of the subtitles under the previous settings.

add_subtitles.png6. Click the Encode button.

Depending on the video/file size, it may take a while to burn the subtitles into the file.

Update (Alternative to using Handbrake): If you want to rip high quality video from the DVD , you can use the program called Mac The Ripper. Once you have the VOB files, you can use another program called MPEG Streamclip to combine all the VOB files into one file. I saved it as a DV file. I then brought the DV file into FFMpegX and converted it into an mp4 using the steps above to burn the subtitles into the file.

How to Organize and Tag Video Clips with iTunes

Below is a brief tutorial on how to organize your video clips using iTunes. We also have a PDF (with images) version you can download and print: How to Organize and Tag Video Clips with iTunes.

Getting Started

iTunes has the capability to organize your video clips. iTunes can only read videos that the Quicktime player can play (.mp4, .mov). You may need to either convert the file into a format readable by iTunes or install codecs that will allow Quicktime to play the other type of video files.
Adding Video Clips to iTunes

1. Open up iTunes
2. Click and drag the video clips into the Movies section of iTunes (upper left hand side).
Adding Tags to Video Clips in iTunes

1. Right click (control click or Apple key + I) on the video clip. Choose Get Info in the menu.
2.  Under the Comments section, type in keywords or tags you will use to label and find the video clips later.
3. Click OK when finished.

Creating a Smart Playlist to Filter Tags

1. Click on File and choose New Smart Playlist.
2. In the Smart Playlist info, under Match the following rule, choose
Comments, contains, and type in your tag. Click the plus sign to
add more tags to the list.
3. Check the box next to Live updating.
4. Click OK.

Viewing and Editing Your Smart Playlist

1. To view the video clips in your Smart Playlist, click on the list (tag) name located
 at the left hand side of iTunes.
2.  When you click on the Smart Playlist’s name (usually the tag’s name), you will
see all the videos tagged with that word (in the comments section of each video clip).
3. To edit the list, right click (control + click)  and choose Edit Smart Playlist.

Matrix of Free Screencasting Tools

What is a screencast? A Screencast is a video you create that captures the actions you preform on your desktop. People create screencasts all the time to demonstrate a tool or for training purposes. Screencasts are also used in education to demonstrate something running on your computer to students (but it creates a video so students can watch it later or even before class).

If you are interested in creating screencasts for your class, I recommend taking a look at a post by the EmergingEdTech blog titled "Comparing 12 Free Screencasting Tools". Here, you can find the right tool for you or this can be a starting point to explore different tools and video formats in screencasting. These are also great tools for students to create content for class exercises too.

Click on the link below to see the matrix of screencast tools:

Comparing 12 Free Screencasting Tools

Find Online Videos at One Site allows for you to search for videos based off of title, subject, or type of video (movie, tv, online series, etc). It has been dubbed the" TV Guide of Internet Video" . What’s nice about this site is that it gives you links to all other sites where the videos are hosted. You can create a playlist or share the video links with Twitter, Facebook, Digg, or StumbleUpon. There’s also a section for videos tagged for education. The site is free and you do not need an account to use it to search. To learn more or to start using the site, click on the link below: