Ronen Eldan and I have just uploaded to the arXiv our newest paper which finally proves that for online learning with bandit feedback, convex functions are not much harder than linear functions. The quest for this result started in 2004 with a paper by Robert Kleinberg, and one by Flaxman, Kalai, McMahan, and over the years it has become the flagship open problem in bandit theory (see for instance Hazan and Levy 2015 where they refer to the attainable regret for convex bandit as the most important open question in bandit learning).

Our result with Ronen however is far from the end of the story for this problem: currently our dependency on the dimension is , which can certainly be improved, and even more importantly we do not yet know an *algorithm *which attains our regret bound! Indeed our proof follows the trail of my COLT’15 paper with Ofer Dekel, Tomer Koren and Yuval Peres where we suggest to attack the *dual Bayesian problem* (in the latter paper we solved this problem in dimension one). Thus finding an algorithm with for bandit convex optimization remains as open as before, but now at least we know that such an algorithm exist!!

Along the way of our new proof we solve an interesting property testing problem on convex functions, which we feel could have applications beyond convex bandits. The problem can be described as follows. Assume that you are given a convex and non-negative convex function . Now suppose that there is some unknown convex function defined on the same domain as and for which you would like to know if is equal to . I also guarantee you that if is not equal to then takes a *negative* value somewhere on its domain (say even less than ). You can obtain information on through noisy queries, that is you can ask what is the value of at and you obtain where is a standard Gaussian. Can you design a non-adaptive query strategy such that after at most (with possibly extra logarithmic factors) you will be able to correctly decide if equals or not with probability at least ? In the paper we give a positive answer by constructing a map where is a distribution supported on the domain of which “explores at every scale simultaneously”. At this point this map is still somewhat mysterious, and there are many open questions around it (can you compute the map efficiently? can this be useful beyond Bayesian convex bandits? can you find a better construction than ours? what is the optimal number of queries?). See the paper for all the details!

## By Igor Carron September 7, 2015 - 4:10 am

So you now have your own galactic algorithm 🙂 ( https://rjlipton.wordpress.com/2010/10/23/galactic-algorithms/ )

## By Sebastien Bubeck September 10, 2015 - 11:18 pm

Haha :), I don't even know if this qualifies as a galactic algorithm: in some sense we are just giving an analysis of the optimal minimax algorithm (which can be approximated in time T^T, just use multiplicative weights on a discretization of the space of all algorithms for this problem...).