Results tagged “research” from SciTechNews

Boosting STEM research, proposals by McGraw-Hill Research Foundation

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McGraw-Hill Research Foundation releases paper on strategies to boost STEM research - 27 Sep 2011

The McGraw-Hill Research Foundation has released a new policy paper by Dr. Freeman A. Hrabowski, III, that seeks to offer practical and scalable solutions to the problem of inadequate supply of college graduates excelling in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). Dr. Hrabowski is President of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC). He says research in STEM is critical as the US addresses key challenges in healthcare, the environment, national security and the economy.

In the paper, Institutional Change in Higher Education: Innovation and Collaboration, Dr. Hrabowski discusses how his institution has addressed the shortage of STEM graduates, particularly among groups that have been underrepresented in these fields, including minorities, women and students from low-income backgrounds. UMBC has been recognised widely as a leader in higher education innovation, according to him. For three years in a row, the US News and World Report America's Best Colleges Guide has ranked the university number one among 'Up-and-Coming' national universities.

To help meet the growing demand for STEM experts nationwide and encourage institutional change, Dr. Hrabowski urges colleges and universities to establish priorities, focus on strategic planning, and emphasise effectiveness and efficiency in the use of resources; reflect on their institution's culture, taking into account school values, practices, habits and even the relationships among faculty, staff, and students; encourage the involvement of the entire campus, including faculty, administration, and students, in understanding and addressing broad retention issues and general academic performance; focus on the importance of group study and other approaches that inform redesign for first-year STEM courses; increase support for minority groups by providing knowledge and skill development, academic and social integration, support and motivation, and advising and monitoring; and develop distinct programmes and initiatives that address change needed in graduate programmes.

Dr. Hrabowski shows that the framework developed through the Meyerhoff Scholars Program underlies other important programmes and initiatives at UMBC that have helped create a campus climate of inclusive excellence. He will discuss the paper's themes as a featured speaker at the third annual Innovation in Education Summit in New York City on September 28, 2011. Sponsored by The McGraw-Hill Research Foundation, the event brings together experts to discuss critical issues and trends and their impact on today's education environment."

Source: Knowledgespeak Newsletter

The Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal Survey

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Astro2010: The Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal Survey [pdf]

 

http://sites.nationalacademies.org/BPA/BPA_049810

 

"Every ten years, the National Research Council (NRC) of The National Academy of Sciences produces a series of surveys related to their areas of scientific inquiry. The public release of the Astro2010 survey of astronomy and astrophysics took place on August 13, 2010, and visitors to this site can read the report and also watch the webcast from the release event. The goal of this publication is to "recommend priorities for the most important scientific and technical activities of the decade 2010-2020." Drawing on the expertise of scholars at Stanford University, Vassar College, the University of Chicago, and other institutions, the report is a crucial piece of work on what should be done across the board in these two branches of the physical sciences."

 

From the Scout Report, Univ. of Wisconsin, Aug.27, 2010

 
 

Netherland Elsevier, PANGAEA link content for easier access to full earth system research - 25 Feb 2010

"STM publisher Elsevier, Netherlands, has announced that the data library PANGAEA - Publishing Network for Geoscientific & Environmental Data - and Elsevier have implemented reciprocal linking between their respective content in earth system research. Research data sets deposited at PANGAEA are now automatically linked to the corresponding articles in Elsevier journals on its electronic platform ScienceDirect and vice versa. The linking functionality also provides a credit mechanism for research data sets deposited in this data library.

The interaction of a publisher with an open access data repository is projected as being ideal to serve the requirements of modern research by diminishing the loss of research data. It also enables the reader of a publication to verify the scientific findings and to use the data in his/her own work. The Elsevier-PANGAEA cooperation follows the most recent recommendations of funding bodies and international organisations, such as the OECD, about access to research data from public funding.

Working with the scientific community to preserve scientific research data is also an objective of the Elsevier Content Innovation programme. Through the latest agreement, Elsevier expects to support long-term storage, wide availability and preservation of large research data sets.

Search for more research support tools "

Source: Knowledgespeak Newsletter

OpenHelix -- resources portal for genomics research

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OpenHelix Resource Newsletter today proclaims the launch of an open access search and learn portal: openhelix.com web site to help researchers find the most relevant of the thousands of databases and analysis tools.

From their "About' page:

OpenHelix allows "More efficient use of the most relevant resources means quicker and more effective research. OpenHelix empowers researchers by
  • providing a search portal to find the most relevant genomics resource and training on those resources.
  • distributing extensive and effective tutorials and training materials on the most powerful and popular genomics resourcs.
  • contracting with resource providers to provide comprehensive, long-term training and outreach programs."

There is a blog.  There is a newsletter to which one is free to subscribe.

Hot topics and most-cited papers in scientific research, 2007-08

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April 2009  (from the Apr. 30, Thomson Reuters Newsletter)

Science Watch takes its annual look back at the hottest of recent research.

Science Watch from Thomson Reuters tracks trends and performance in basic research year-round. In this highly anticipated annual review, it identifies researchers who accounted for the highest numbers of Hot Papers published over the preceding two years from 2008. It also highlights which papers published during 2008 were the most cited by year's end.

Kuo-Chen Chou of the Gordon Life Sciences Institute and Shanghai Jiao Tong University tops the Hot Paper rankings, with 17 published since 2007 covering a variety of sequencing tools for predicting protein location. Thirteen of these reports were co-authored with another of the featured scientists, Hong-Bin Shen.

The list of 2008's most-cited papers is striking for the prominence of physical-sciences reports in the top spots—especially those on iron-based superconductors, a topic that accounts for the number one paper and three others in the top ten. Theoretical physics, and specifically string theory, also registers strongly, with several papers examining recent refinements to M-theory.

The hottest research of 2007-08: read the full analysis

"US Leading associations call for universities need to promote broader dissemination of research and scholarship - 16 Feb 2009

Four leading associations serving research universities - the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), the Association of American Universities (AAU), the Coalition for Networked Information (CNI), and the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges (NASULGC) - have issued a joint statement, ‘The University’s Role in the Dissemination of Research and Scholarship.’ The statement is a call to action for universities to ensure the broadest possible access to the products of their work.

The statement is an outgrowth of a roundtable discussion hosted by the four organisations that engaged provosts, chief research officers, chief information officers, senior faculty, and library and university press directors. These leaders identified a set of actions that should be taken to expand the dissemination of the full range of products of the university community’s research and scholarship. The call to action offers a broader vision for the university’s role and provides a series of recommended actions, both for campus leaders and for collective action by the university community.

The complete document, ‘The University’s Role in the Dissemination of Research and Scholarship—A Call to Action,’ is available online at http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/disseminating-research-feb09.pdf."

Click here

Source:  Knowledgespeak Newsletter

Publication imbalance in Science and Medicine

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US Current publication practices may distort science, say researchers - 08 Oct 2008

"Open access journal PLoS Medicine has published a paper in its latest issue, according to which the current system of publishing medical and scientific research provides a distorted view of the reality of scientific data that are generated in the laboratory and clinic. In their paper, a team of researchers - Neal Young of the National Institutes of Health; John Ioannidis of Tufts University School of Medicine, USA and University of Ioannina School of Medicine, Greece; and Omar Al-Ubaydli of George Mason University - apply principles from the field of economics to present evidence consistent with a distortion.

According to these researchers, there is an extreme imbalance between the abundance of supply and the increasingly limited venues for publication. The result is that only a small proportion of all research results are eventually chosen for publication, and these results are unrepresentative of scientists' repeated samplings of the real world. The authors argue that there is a moral imperative to reconsider how scientific data are judged and disseminated. The paper is available online at http://medicine.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371/journal.pmed.0050201.

PLoS Medicine is a peer-reviewed, international, open-access journal published by the Public Library of Science (PLoS), a nonprofit organisation. The journal provides an open-access venue for publishing important original research and analysis relevant to human health."

Source:  Knowledgespeak Newsletter

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