Kagan ’81 to become Princeton’s 12th Supreme Court justice

i-815eb218c76cc9b8a82f9dcb677e8bb3-kagan.jpgWith a 63-37 vote Aug. 5, the Senate approved former solicitor general and Harvard Law dean Elena Kagan ’81 as the next associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

When Kagan joins fellow alumni Samuel Alito ’72 and Sonia Sotomayor ’76 on the high court, it will be the first time since 1842 that three alumni have served together. Kagan is the 12th Princetonian in a line of justices that stretches back to George Washington’s presidency. Below, a look at the University’s other 11 justices.

(Photo courtesy Harvard Law School)

WILLIAM PATERSON 1763

Nominated by President Washington

Years on the court: 1793-1806

Best known for helping to shape the legislative branch at the Constitutional Convention, Paterson later made his mark on the judiciary, participating in the landmark Marbury v. Madison case, which established the court’s power to declare laws unconstitutional.

OLIVER ELLSWORTH 1766

Nominated by President Washington

Years on the court: 1796-1800

Ellsworth, Princeton’s lone chief justice, made few lasting contributions in his four years on the high court, but at least he helped cut down on paperwork. He pioneered the use of consensus opinions, rather than having each justice write his own.

H. BROCKHOLST LIVINGSTON 1774

Nominated by President Jefferson

Years on the court: 1807-1823

Although one biographer wrote that Livingston “never left a mark” on the court, the justice’s pre-court career was a remarkable tale of survival. He fought in the Continental Army, survived a stint as a prisoner of war, ducked an assassination attempt in 1785, and killed a rival in a 1798 duel.

SMITH THOMPSON 1788

Nominated by President Monroe

Years on the court: 1823-1843

Preoccupied with political aspirations early in his career, Thompson eventually contributed to several important decisions, but according to biographer Donald M. Roper, he spent his career “in the shadow of legal giants” such as John Marshall.

WILLIAM JOHNSON JR. 1790

Nominated by President Jefferson

Years on the court: 1804-1834

Johnson’s independence earned him historical distinction as the “first dissenter,” and in many cases on the Marshall court, he was the only one. He wrote 34 minority opinions, far more than his contemporaries on the court.

PETER V. DANIEL 1805

Nominated by President Van Buren

Years on the court: 1842-1860

A gifted student, Daniel entered Princeton with the junior class, but he withdrew after less than a year on campus. At home in Virginia, he prepared for a law career under the tutelage of his father-in-law, Edmund Randolph, the first U.S. attorney general.

JAMES MOORE WAYNE 1808

Nominated by President Jackson

Years on the court: 1835-1867

Wayne, Princeton’s longest-serving justice, concurred in the court’s infamous Dred Scott decision, supporting slavery. But his devotion to country outweighed loyalty to his native Georgia: When the Southern states seceded, Wayne remained on the court.

MAHLON PITNEY 1879

Nominated by President Taft

Years on the court: 1912-1922

Pitney studied law under his father, a prominent attorney. When the University secretary inquired about his degree in 1906, the then-New Jersey Supreme Court justice replied, “Dear Sir, I attended no law school and have no law degree. Yours very truly, Mahlon Pitney ’79.”

JOHN MARSHALL HARLAN ’20

Nominated by President Eisenhower

Years on the court: 1955-1971

The grandson of a Supreme Court justice of the same name, Harlan was a key conservative voice on the Warren court. In his PAW memorial, classmates recalled their former class president’s “forthright character, his innate friendliness, and his superior intellect.”

SAMUEL ALITO ’72

Nominated by President George W. Bush

Years on the court: 2006-present

Alito’s yearbook entry in the Nassau Herald famously declared that he aimed “to warm a seat on the Supreme Court.” Thirty-four years after graduation, that goal became reality. Before joining the Supreme Court, Alito worked for three years as the U.S. Attorney for New Jersey, his home state, and spent nearly 16 years on the U.S. Court of Appeals.

SONIA SOTOMAYOR ’76

Nominated by President Obama

Years on the court: 2009-present

Sotomayor, the first Hispanic justice on the Supreme Court, also was a trailblazer at Princeton, where she was an activist for Latino causes and a founder of the Latino Student Organization. Like Alito, Sotomayor ascended to the high court after more than a decade of service on the U.S. Court of Appeals.

One thought on “Kagan ’81 to become Princeton’s 12th Supreme Court justice

  1. katie benson

    This is an appointment I’m going to be watching with great interest, Kagan has a tough task ahead of her what with the all the clamouring over her getting the job.

Comments are closed.